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Atherinopsis californiensis  Girard, 1854

Jack silverside
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Atherinopsis californiensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Atherinopsis californiensis (Jack silverside)
Atherinopsis californiensis
Picture by DeCloux, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinopsidae (Neotropical silversides) > Atherinopsinae
Etymology: Atherinopsis: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 + Greek,ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Girard.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic.   Subtropical; 46°N - 22°N, 129°W - 110°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9273); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9273); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 56049)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 114; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 21 - 26; Vertebrae: 50 - 54. Branchiostegal rays: 5-6 (Ref. 36497).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Yaquina Bay in Oregon, USA to southwestern coast of Baja California, Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit inshore areas, including bays (Ref. 2850). Form schools (Ref. 2850). Demersal spawners in nearshore habitats (Ref. 56049). Oviparous, with planktonic, primarily neustonic larvae (Ref. 36497). Eggs are attached to one another by spawning substrate via adhesive filaments (Ref. 36497). Sold fresh (Ref. 2850).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 36497).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2.5; Fec = 6,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.