Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Uranoscopidae
Etymology: Astroscopus: Greek, astra = ray + Greek, skopeo = to look, to watch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 36 m (Ref. 55313). Temperate; 42°N - 31°N, 80°W - 71°W (Ref. 55313)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 9.1 kg (Ref. 7251)
Western Atlantic: USA.
Cleithral spine with venom gland (Ref. 57406).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .