Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae
Etymology: Artediellus: Petrus (Peter) Artedi, (10 Mar.) 1705-35 (28 Sep.), a son of a clergyman from Anundsjö named Olaus Arctaedius, in the northern part of Sweden.In 1729 he changed his name from Arctaedius to Arctædi, a name still later simplified to Artedi (Ref. 45335). More on author: Jordan, Evermann.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 35 - 900 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; -2°C - 4°C (Ref. 35388); 80°N - 41°N, 71°W - 41°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388); 10.6 cm SL (female); common length : 10.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4698)
Gill membranes joined to each other under the throat, lateral line scales without bony knobs. Upper spine of the front gill cover curved upwards (Ref. 35388).
Northwest Atlantic: Greenland and Canada to Cape Cod in Massachusetts, USA. Northeast Atlantic: Greenland, Iceland, the Faroes, Novaya Zemlya (but not White Sea) in Russia, southern part of Barents Sea, Scandinavian coast to Skagerrak, the Orkneys in Scotland, and Ireland.
Occur on sandy or muddy bottoms (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feed on polychaetes, small mollusks and very rarely small crustaceans (Ref. 4698). Lives at temperatures of -1.7-4°C. Females lay 50-350 eggs with a diameter of 4mm in late summer (Ref. 35388).
Fedorov, V.V., 1986. Cottidae. p. 1243-1260. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00621 (-0.19938 - 0.21179), b=3.14936 (3.03731 - 3.26140), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=50).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .