Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 42°N - 35°S, 20°E - 158°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Micronesia and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales. Replaced by Arothron diadematus in the Red Sea (Ref. 37816, Ref. 84159).
Inhabit coastal to outer reef crest and slopes with rich invertebrate growth. Sometimes solitary (Ref. 90102). Adults often in pairs (Ref. 48637). Feed on corals (usually Acropora tips), crustaceans, mollusks, sponges, tunicates and algae (Ref. 2334). Generally common (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat (Ref. 4690)
Aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .