Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Apolemichthys: Greek, apolemos, -os,-on = quiet, peaceful + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 60 m (Ref. 47838). Tropical; 32°N - 28°S, 34°E - 168°W (Ref. 47838)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa south to 28°S (Ref. 33390) and east to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Australia.
Inhabits lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710); found near coral (Ref. 5953). Feeds mainly on sponges and tunicates (Ref. 1602). Juveniles secretive and occur below 25 m (Ref. 37816). Adults in small but loose groups at moderate depths (Ref. 48636). Frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Ref. 48391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pyle, R., 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. p. 3266-3286. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. (Ref. 48391)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03020 (0.01487 - 0.06134), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .