Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 14 - 155 m (Ref. 37393). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: continental shelves of the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, Australia and the Philippines. Reported from Andaman Is (Ref. 90102).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58479)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by 6 spines in first dorsal fin; 3 dark stripes on the upper half of head and body, the broadest and midlateral, reaching end of caudal fin, 2 narrow stripes reaching to base of second dorsal fin, the lower stripe reaching caudal fin base; no dark stripes in second dorsal or anal fins; gill rakers and rudiments 23-26; pectoral rays 14-15; blackish stomach and intestine, peritoneum silvery with many melanophores (Ref. 58479).
Benthic species which occurs over soft bottom (Ref. 75154). Found in sand/silt bottoms (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Fraser, T.H., 1998. A new species of cardinalfish (Apogonidae) from the Philippines, with comments on species of Apogon with six first dorsal spines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 111(4):986-991. (Ref. 37393)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.9 - 28.6, mean 27.3 (based on 934 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00276 - 0.01508), b=3.19 (2.99 - 3.39), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .