Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae
(Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: saourensis: The species name comes from the geographical toponym "Saoura", the name of the valley from which the type series was collected, and the only known locality with an extant population (Ref. 57144).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57144); 3.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10 - 11. Body moderately elongated (Ref. 57144). Preorbital length 0.9-1.3 in eye-diameter (Ref. 57144). Dorsal fin inserted before origin of anal fin, on the same axis, with 7-8 (rarely 9) branched dorsal-fin rays (Ref. 57144). A long and narrow caudal peduncle, its length 1.7-2.0 in body least depth (Ref. 57144). Body pigmentation of live males a profusely mottled blue and silver, not forming vertical bars; females without conspicuous black spots, except a spot at the junction of the caudal peduncle and central caudal fin rays (Ref. 57144).
Africa: Algeria (Ref. 57144).
This species could be considered as critically endangered following IUCN criteria (Ref. 57144). Excessive ground water withdrawal for agricultural purposes, the drying of wetlands, and water pollution are, along with the introduced Gambusia, the major threats to the survival of this species (Ref. 57144).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Blanco, J.L., T. Hrbek and I. Doadrio, 2006. A new species of the genus Aphanius (Nardo, 1832) (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae) from Algeria. Zootaxa 1158:39-53. (Ref. 57144)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00410 - 0.02122), b=3.23 (3.05 - 3.41), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .