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Aphanius mesopotamicus  Coad, 2009

Mesopotamian tooth-carp
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae
Etymology: mesopotamicus: Named after Mesopotamia (the land between the rivers), referring to the Tigris-Euphrates basin where the species is found.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - ?.   Subtropical; 15°C - 24°C (Ref. 83325)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: southern Karkheh River basin of Iran and at Qarmat `Ali in Iraq at the northern part of Basrah on the Shatt al Arab, the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83325); 2.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal soft rays: 10 - 12. Can be diagnosed by its pigmentation, meristics, and in multivariate morphometric and meristic space: males have clear margins to the unpaired fins, no bars on the caudal fin and have 10-15 clearly defined flank bars. Females possess irregular blotches or spots on the flank. Twelve of 14 meristic characters are significantly different for males and 9 of 13 meristic characters for females, although ranges overlap in all cases. Discriminant function analyses indicate that the variables with the best discriminating power are pectoral fin rays (13-15), scales to pelvic fin (5-7), postorbital length (16% HL) and caudal peduncle length in males; and pectoral fin rays (14-15), scales to pelvic fin (5-8), scales to dorsal fin (4-5), total scales (27-30) and predorsal length in females ( 23% SL) (Ref. 83325).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found only in two localities in a 25 m wide river and a 30 m wide canal branching from that river. The river had muddy bottom and the principal plant materials were rushes and reeds while the canal had also muddy bottom but the principal plant materials were filamentous green algae (Ref. 83325).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Coad, B.W., 2009. A new species of tooth-carp, Aphanius mesopotamicus, from Iran and Iraq (Actinopterygii, Cyprinodontidae). Zookeys 31:149-163. (Ref. 83325)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00428 - 0.02132), b=3.23 (3.06 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .