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Aphanius fasciatus  (Valenciennes, 1821)

Mediterranean banded killifish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Aphanius fasciatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Cyprinodontidae (Pupfishes) > Cyprinodontinae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: 8 - 10; non-migratory.   Subtropical; 10°C - 24°C (Ref. 1672); 46°N - 34°N, 2°E - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Greece and Montenegro. Mediterranean basin: North Africa from Egypt to eastern Algeria, sometimes in landlocked basins; through the Suez Canal into the Bitter Lakes, Egypt (Ref. 3788). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna). Asia: Turkey.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays: 9. Can be diagnosed from other species of Aphanius, Valenciidae and Fundulidae in Europe by having the following characters: males have pale yellow to yellow-orange caudal fin, in some populations with a wide dark submarginal bar, 8-15 dark blue to grey bars on a silvery background, bars usually regularly shaped and set; females possess 11-17 short dark brown bars on sides, over a faint greyish midlateral stripe, 24-29 scales in midlateral series on body, and pectoral fin with 14-15 rays (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal lagoons and in hypersaline to shallow still to slow-flowing fresh water, especially at river mouths (Ref. 59043). A short-lived species which inhabits ponds, ditches and swamps. Feeds on invertebrates and plants. Spawns from April to September (Ref. 26100). Spawning takes place on the bottom and in submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to habitat destruction and the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in the aquarium (Ref. 27139).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00804 - 0.01244), b=3.25 (3.21 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.27 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.16-0.22 questionable; assuming tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .