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Anarhichas orientalis  Pallas, 1814

Bering wolffish
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Anarhichas orientalis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarhichas: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up.   More on author: Pallas.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 50550), usually 10 - 70 m (Ref. 56527).   Temperate; 88°N - 40°N, 135°E - 60°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and Sea of Okhotsk to the Bering Sea. Arctic Canada.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 83 - 88; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 53 - 54. Four pairs of strong canines on anterior parts of both jaws; molar teeth on prevomerine and palatal bones and posterior part of lower jaw. Dorsal fin without soft rays. Pelvic fins absent.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on rocky bottoms (Ref. 559). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on hard-shelled invertebrates (Ref. 28499).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Eggs are very large.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm>5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (65 of 100) .