Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Embiotocidae
Etymology: Amphistichus: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, stix, -ichos = row (Ref. 45335). More on author: Agassiz.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 73 m (Ref. 96339). Subtropical; 38°N - 32°N, 123°W - 117°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 56049)
Eastern Pacific: Bodega Bay in northern California, USA to northern central Baja California, Mexico.
Mostly found in surf of sand beaches, but reported from trawl catches at depths up to 73 m. Also occur near rocks, pilings and other sources of cover and food. Usually form small groups. Also caught from piers and skiffs. Feed preferably on sand crabs but also eats clams and other invertebrates. Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00567 - 0.03209), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.15-0.18; tm=2; tmax=9; Fec=113).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .