Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Amphiprioninae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 1602). Tropical; 10°N - 30°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - 5.5 cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 237)
Pacific Ocean: Indonesia (from Bali eastward), southern Philippines, New Guinea, Australia (Queensland), New Britain, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu (New Hebrides), New Caledonia, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa Islands, Society Islands, Caroline Islands, Marianas, Kiribati and Marshall Islands.
Adults inhabit lagoon and outer reef environments. Feed predominantly on planktonic copepods and algae. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor (usually), Heteractis crispa (occasionally), and Heteractis magnifica (rarely) (Ref. 5911). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35404, 35413, 35420).
Benthic spawner. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 7471.
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01158 - 0.04134), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.53; tm=1.67; tmax=5; Fec=7,200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .