Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Ariidae
(Sea catfishes) > Ariinae
Etymology: Amphiarius: The first part of name from Greek 'amphi' meaning on both sides or double, referring to the occurrence of the included species both in fresh and marine waters; the second part is from the frequently used ariid generic name Arius..
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal. Tropical; 12°N - 0°S, 72°W - 48°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3265); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3265)
Western Atlantic: Venezuela to mouth of the Amazon River, Brazil.
Occurs in brackish estuaries with very low salinities, nearly entering freshwater (Ref. 5217). Found on shallow muddy bottoms (Ref. 5217). The female lays her eggs in a gelatinous mass on a sandy depression. Mouth brooding males guard the eggs until hatching (Ref. 35381). Marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Taylor, W.R. and N.A. Menezes, 1978. Ariidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3265)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 58010)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00242 - 0.00904), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .