Allocyttus verrucosus  (Gilchrist, 1906)

Warty dory
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Allocyttus verrucosus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Allocyttus verrucosus (Warty dory)
Allocyttus verrucosus
Picture by Bañón Díaz, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Oreosomatidae (Oreos) > Oreosomatinae
Etymology: Allocyttus: Greek, allos = other + Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1800 m (Ref. 50610), usually 800 - 1200 m (Ref. 6545).   Deep-water; 28°N - 58°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 28.0, range 23 - ? cm
Max length : 42.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27159); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 27124); max. reported age: 140 years (Ref. 39383)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 28-33; Anal spines: 2-3; Anal soft rays: 26 - 31. Adults blackish black in color; prejuveniles silvery, back greenish with large grey blotches that disappears at about 12 cm (Ref. 6548).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: off Mauritania, Gulf of Guinea, Namibia and South Africa. Western Atlantic: off Suriname, southern Brazil and Uruguay. Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique Channel, Walters Bank. Eastern Indian Ocean: East Indian and West Australian Ridge, Australia. South Pacific: New Zealand and off Chile. Records from the North Pacific belong to Allocyttus folletti. Also Ref. 26139).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on the continental slope (Ref. 9563), forming large shoals over rough ground near pinnacles and canyons (Ref. 6390). Juveniles are pelagic and inhabit oceanic waters in depths of less than 1000 m (Ref. 27230). They tend to be dispersed over smooth grounds (Ref. 6390). Feeds on shrimps, cephalopods, and fishes (Ref. 6548). The eggs float near the sea surface and the larvae also inhabit surface waters (Ref. 6390). Trawl catch rates for warty oreos, and for oreos in general, show no evidence of vertical migration during day or night (Ref. 27150), even though many of the planktonic species consumed by this species undergo daily migrations within the water column (Ref. 6390).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Displays seasonally synchronised reproduction.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Karrer, C., 1990. Oreosomatidae. p. 637-640. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6545)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5635   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00800 - 0.02383), b=3.05 (2.89 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.73 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=140).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.