Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Alepocephalus: Greek, alepos, alepidotos = without scales + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 300 - 2250 m (Ref. 28822). Deep-water; 64°N - 17°S, 166°E - 22°E (Ref. 57317)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 27.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 32893)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Atlantic: northeast Atlantic and western Mediterranean to Cape Verde (Ref. 4736); Morocco to Cameroon, then from Angola to Namibia (Ref. 4460).
Found over soft bottoms (Ref. 4736). Feeds on pelagic crustaceans like euphausiids, decapods and mysids (Ref. 27637).
Markle, D.F., 1981. Family Alepocephalidae. In W. Fischer, G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Central Atlantic; fishing areas 34, 47 (in part). Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and FAO. vols. 1-7. pag. var.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00610 (-0.22499 - 0.23719), b=3.07526 (2.95225 - 3.19827), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .