Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Alepocephalus: Greek, alepos, alepidotos = without scales + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Goode, Bean.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 365 - 1700 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water, preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 67°N - 17°N, 78°W - 4°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 55.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460); max. reported age: 38 years (Ref. 41452)
Eastern Atlantic: Greenland and Iceland southward to 17°N. Western Atlantic: Greenland to Grand Banks and 29°52'N, 77°09'W.
Found over ooze and sand bottoms (Ref. 4736). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mostly on coelenterates, but also decapods, tunicates and fishes (Ref. 4736).
Annual fecundity indeterminate (Ref. 51440).
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00178 - 0.00676), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.077; tmax=38; Fec = 458 (per batch)).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .