Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Alburninae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Differs from its congeners in the Black Sea basin by the following characters: origin of anal fin about ½ -1½ scales behind last branched dorsal ray; scales on the lateral line 58-69 + 4; anal fin with 13-14½ branched rays; gill rakes 18-25; ventral keel exposed for 8-10 scales in front of anus; caudal peduncle depth 1.7-1.9 times in its length; nuptial males with few, large tubercles; and body with faint, dark midlateral stripe.
Europe: streams of Crimea (Black and Azov Sea basins) in Ukraine.
Inhabits lower and middle portions of streams and estuaries. Occurs close to the surface in estuaries. Forages in small stream estuaries, with some juveniles in lower part of streams. Feeds on drifting and terrestrial insects and zooplankton. Migrates upstream in piedmont and montane zones for spawning and spawns in riffles with heavy current on gravel bottom. Threatened due to pollution, water abstraction and river regulation. Attains a maximum size of up to about 13 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .