Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Alburninae
Etymology: Alburnus: From the city of Al Bura, where the fish was known (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.8; dH range: 8 - 25. Temperate; 12°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468); 47°N - 37°N, 7°E - 20°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from congeners in the Apennine and Balkan peninsulas by having the following characters: anal fin origin immediately behind or below last branched dorsal ray; anal fin with 11-13½ branched rays; lateral line with 39-45 + 3 scales; 13-18 gill rakers; ventral keel exposed from anus to pelvic base; faint dark lateral stripe when preserved; pectoral fin reaching pelvic fin base; and mouth terminal (Ref. 59043).
Europe: Southern Italy from Trigno to Basento drainages (Adriatic basin) and from Volturno to Alento drainages (Tyrrhenian basin). Introduced in several southern Italian drainages.
Occurs in lentic waters on low-lying plains, with little current (Ref. 26100). Inhabits well oxygenated, clear montane and hilly streams and small rivers. Feeds on drifting insects or invertebrates fallen on waters surface. Threatened due to the pollution, impoundment of streams and invasion by non-native species (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin, 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00353 - 0.01961), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .