Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Acanthopagrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, pagros, a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical
Africa: western Indian Ocean from Knysna in South Africa to southern Mozambique (Ref. 83673). Also known from Zambezi River and some other coastal rivers (Ref. 57418, 83673). Possibly present in Madagascar, but this needs confirmation (Ref. 83673).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83673)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its congeners of by the following characters: 3.5 scale rows between fifth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line; front edge of dorsal scaly area on head (dorsal view) with a median W-shaped scaleless area and with small scales present just before an oblique temporal row of larger scales; 44-46 pored lateral-line scales; second anal-fin spine (2AS) slightly longer than third anal fin spine (3AS), ratio 2AS/3AS 5 1.15-1.45 (mean 1.25); ventral edge of first two infraorbitals straight in specimens less than 23 cm SL, weakly concave in specimens more than 25 cm SL; preopercle flange with 0-6 scales, number increasing with growth and is obvious in specimens over 20 cm SL ; black streaks near anal-fin base on interradial membranes between rays; both jaws with well developed molariform teeth (Ref. 83673).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2010. Taxonomic review of the Western Indian Ocean species of the genus Acanthopagrus Peters, 1855 (Perciformes: Sparidae), with description of a new species from Oman. Copeia 2010(1):123-136. (Ref. 83673)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.01021 - 0.04910), b=2.96 (2.78 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .