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Acanthemblemaria atrata  Hastings & Robertson, 1999

Cocos barnacle blenny
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Image of Acanthemblemaria atrata (Cocos barnacle blenny)
Acanthemblemaria atrata
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Chaenopsidae (Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Etymology: Acanthemblemaria: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, emblema, -atos, anything that is nailed, knocked in; also anything with bass or high relief (Ref. 45335);  atrata: Name from Latin meaning 'dressed in black', referring to its unique dark color morhp (Ref. 81029).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 31 m (Ref. 81029).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81029); 3.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 22 - 25; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-14; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 23 - 26; Vertebrae: 40 - 43. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 1-2 pairs of large iridescent blue spots on the upper lip; relatively small body size; 2 common pores (sensory pores between the mandibular and preopercular series); a closed wedge of spines on the posterior part of the frontal; 2 rows of interorbital spines, the outer one continuous; D XXII-XXV,11-14 (35-37 total dorsal-fin elements; A II,23-26 (Ref. 81029).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Cocos Island (Costa Rica).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A small benthic reef fish which is common in shallow water, but also occurs to depths of at least 31 meters (Ref. 81029). Oviparous (Ref. 56066). Eggs are attached to the walls of the parent's shelter and are brooded by the male parent (Ref. 56066).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Hastings, P.A. and D.R. Robertson, 1999. Acanthemblemaria atrata and Acanthemblemaria mangognatha, new species of eastern Pacific barnacle blennies (Chaenopsidae) from Isla de Coco, Costa Rica, and Islas Revillagigedo, Mexico, and their relationships with other barnacle blennies. Rev. fr. Aquariol 25(3-4):107-118. (Ref. 81029)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00187 - 0.01169), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.