Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Ariidae
(Sea catfishes) > Bagreinae
Etymology: Bagre: Mozarabic, bagre, taken from Greek, pagros = a fish (Dentex sp.) (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 5217). Tropical; 12°N - 21°S, 77°W - 34°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3265)
Two pairs of barbels on rostral region, one pair on lower jaw, one pair on posterior end of maxilla; end of maxilla barbel beyond anal fin origin; pectoral spine filament long, reaching anal fin origin; dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fin membranes black; anal fin membrane black distally (some individuals white), white proximally; body silver gray or blue gray dorsally, silver white ventrally (Ref. 13608).
South America: Colombia to the mouth of the Amazon River.
Chiefly marine, common around river mouths and also entering river estuaries. Feeds on small fishes and invertebrates, such as crustaceans. Marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Taylor, W.R. and N.A. Menezes, 1978. Ariidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). volume 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3265)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 36613)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00269 - 0.01121), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .