Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.8 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 18°C - 28°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 35°N - 4°N
Africa: basis of the Niger, Chad (Ref. 57223) and Nile (Ref. 3202).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 1. Diagnosis: body elongate and slender, its depth comprised 5.4-6.3 times in standard length; head as long as broad, its dorsal surface rough; maxillary barbels non-membranous and unbranched, up to 2 times longer than head; mandibular barbels with long, simple ramifications; humeral process long, slender and pointed; 1st dorsal-fin spine weakly denticulate on anterior margin; 2nd dorsal fin with 10-13 rays; pectoral-fin spines more strongly denticulate on inner than on outer margin; caudal fin deeply forked, its lobes equally long (Ref. 57223).
Coloration: ground colour yellowish or ochre, with brown or blackish marbled areas, largest 2 below 1st and 2nd dorsal fins respectively; fins covered with brown or black dots; 1st dorsal fin with transversally aligned spots (Ref. 57223).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .