Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Caesionidae
(Fusiliers) > Caesioninae
Etymology: Caesio: Latin, caesius, bluish-grey, 1835; it is the same name given to the silvery metal (Cs) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Seale.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 5 - 50 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 30°N - 34°S, 28°E - 157°W (Ref. 402)
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to the Line Islands. Not occurring in the Red Sea or the Arabian (Persian) Gulf.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11228); common length : 26.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
soft rays: 12 - 13. Tail fin and peduncle, and body above a diagonal from just anterior to origin of dorsal fin to ventral origin of caudal peduncle bright yellow (except in large ones in western Pacific, yellow does not extend as far as anteriorly); rest of upper 2/3 of body bright blue; lower third silvery white. Indonesian populations have yellow from origin of dorsal and most of the back to below lateral line over the posterior part and tail (Ref. 48635). 4-5 scales on cheek; 20-28 predorsal scales; scaled dorsal and anal fins; Supra-temporal band of scales interrupted at dorsal midline by a scaleless zone. Upper peduncular scale rows 11-13; lower peduncular scale rows usually 15 or 16 (14-17). A small process on each ventrolateral surface of basioccipital for attachment of Baudelot's ligament (Ref. 1723). Head length 2.6-3.6 in SL; body depth 2.7-4.2 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Found primarily around coral reefs, with a preference for coralline lagoons. Feeds on zooplankton in large midwater groups. Forms schools with other caesionids. Migrates to select areas around the reef to spawn near the surface in the entrances of deep channels during outgoing tides on a lunar cycle. Oviparous, with numerous, small pelagic eggs (Ref. 402). Also caught with drive-in nets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mass spawning of this species observed to occur only around sunset at or near full moon.
Carpenter, K.E., 1987. Revision of the Indo-Pacific fish family Caesionidae (Lutjanoidea), with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (15):56 p. (Ref. 1723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 28.2 (based on 988 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00679 - 0.02445), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .