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Lipophrys pholis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shanny
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Lipophrys pholis
Picture by Østergaard, T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Lipophrys: Greek, lipos = fat + Greek, ophrys = eyebow (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 5981).   Temperate; 65°N - 18°N, 32°W - 11°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41096); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 35388)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 18 - 19. Skin naked and slimy. No tentacles on the head. Dip in the middle of dorsal fin. Variable coloration (Ref. 35388).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Norway to Morocco and Madeira, including the Mediterranean and the Balearics.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612) found in shallow waters of rocky coasts. May remain out of water under rocks or seaweeds (Ref. 31184). Mostly active at daytime during high tide. Breathes air when out of water (Ref. 31184). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates, especially gastropods, barnacles and amphipods, and algae (Ref. 31184). Also, diet of crabs, polychaetes, isopods, copepods, limpets, mussels and small molluscs (Ref. 94105). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs measuring 1.5 mm (Ref. 35388) are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205). Spawning takes place in April - August (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Male guards eggs from several females (Ref. 5981).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Zander, C.D., 1986. Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10; k=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.