Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Lipophrys: Greek, lipos = fat + Greek, ophrys = eyebow (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 8 m (Ref. 5981). Temperate; 65°N - 18°N, 32°W - 11°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5981); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 35388)
Skin naked and slimy. No tentacles on the head. Dip in the middle of dorsal fin. Variable coloration (Ref. 35388).
Eastern Atlantic: southern Norway to Morocco and Madeira, including the Mediterranean and the Balearics.
A resident intertidal species with homing behavior (Ref. 32612) found in shallow waters of rocky coasts. May remain out of water under rocks or seaweeds (Ref. 31184). Mostly active at daytime during high tide. Breathes air when out of water (Ref. 31184). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates, especially gastropods, barnacles and amphipods, and algae (Ref. 31184). Also, diet of crabs, polychaetes, isopods, copepods, limpets, mussels and small molluscs (Ref. 94105). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs measuring 1.5 mm (Ref. 35388) are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205). Spawning takes place in April - August (Ref. 35388)..
Zander, C.D., 1986. Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10; k=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .