Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Psychrolutidae
Etymology: Cottunculus: Greek, kottos = a fish, diminutive.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 165 - 1342 m (Ref. 58426), usually 165 - 215 m (Ref. 42091). Deep-water; 79°N - 38°N, 76°W - 36°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388); common length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6696)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Four bony knobs between and behind the eyes. Skin very rough. Body with 3-4 broad, dark vertical bands (Ref. 35388).
North Atlantic: English Channel, North Sea, Norwegian coastline, Svalbard, southwestern Barents Sea, off Spitzbergen, Bear Island, the Faeroes and Iceland, southeastern coasts of Greenland. Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada and Greenland.
Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on polychaetes, mysids, amphipods and pycnogonids. Spawns probably from June to July, ovarian eggs large and few (up to 220) (Ref. 6696). Female lays 200 eggs with a length of 4.5-5 mm (Ref. 35388).
Fedorov, V.V. and J.S. Nelson, 1986. Psychrolutidae. p. 1261-1264. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol 3.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01187 (-0.20789 - 0.23163), b=3.04 (2.92 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec = 66).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .