Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Xenotilapia: Greek, xenos = strange + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.5 - 9.0; dH range: 10 - 25; depth range 3 - 40 m (Ref. 93988). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468); 6°S - 8°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93987)
Africa: known from the southwestern part of Lake Tanganyika, between Tembwe (Deux) and Kanoni, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 46829, 52921).
Found in deeper rocky habitat, in particular where rocks are covered with sand (Ref. 46829). Occurs at depths from 3 to 40 metres (Ref. 93988). Food consists of invertebrates which are extracted by filtering sediment through the gills (Ref. 46829), copepods, ostracods, insect larvae, filamentous algae and sand found in stomach (Ref. 93987, 93988). Territorial; biparental mouthbrooder; subadults live in small groups, larger individuals form pairs (Ref. 46829, 93988).
Büscher, H.H., 1990. Xenotilapia papilio n. sp., ein neuer Cichlide aus dem Tanganjikasee (Cichlidae, Ectodini). D.A.T.Z. 43(5):289-293. (Ref. 93987)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00397 - 0.02640), b=2.99 (2.75 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .