Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Alepocephalus: Greek, alepos, alepidotos = without scales + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Goode, Bean.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 600 - 2500 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 70°N - 15°N, 72°W - 5°W (Ref. 57313)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 79.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460); common length : 70.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4736)
Eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Greenland, west of British Isles, Morocco south to Mauritania. Western Atlantic: Davis Strait south to Honduras.
Bathypelagic (Ref. 58426). Found over sand and clay bottoms. Gregarious. Feeds mostly ctenophores, but also crustaceans, echinoderms and polychaetes (Ref. 4460).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and Y.I. Sazanov, 1990. Alepocephalidae. p. 246-264. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4460)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00302 - 0.01739), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .