Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Ipnopidae
(Deep-sea tripod fishes)
Etymology: Bathypterois: Greek, bathys = deep + Greek, pterois = with wings (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 878 - 4720 m (Ref. 58302). Deep-water, preferred ?; 45°N - 27°S, 98°W - 52°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3590); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3590)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Elongate pelvic and caudal fin rays held body above the sediment. These rays appeared flexible when the fishes swam and stiff when they were perched on the bottom (Ref. 7460).
Eastern Atlantic: scattered records in the Mediterranean, off Cape Blanc in Mauritania, Azores, Gulf of Guinea and off equatorial Africa. Western Atlantic: USA to Gulf of Mexico including Caribbean and along Rio Grande Rise. Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique Channel. Elsewhere, equatorial western Pacific (Ref. 3590) and eastern Pacific (Ref. 58302).
Benthic (Ref. 58302). Found on lower slope, continental rise and oceanic ridges. Solitary. Perches on substrate with the aid of specialized fin rays (tripod), facing the current. Feeds on nektonic copepods and other small planktonic crustaceans. Synchronously hermaphroditic (Ref. 6688).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Merrett, N.R., 1990. Chlorophthalmidae. p. 351-360. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3590)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .