Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Ipnopidae
(Deep-sea tripod fishes)
Etymology: Bathypterois: Greek, bathys = deep + Greek, pterois = with wings (Ref. 45335). More on author: Vaillant.
Bathypterois mediterraneus (considered as a synonym) may be valid.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 260 - 2800 m (Ref. 3397), usually 2100 - 2300 m (Ref. 32939). Deep-water; - 6°S
Eastern Atlantic: northeast Atlantic to off Sierra Leone; one record from the Mediterranean. One record from the northwest Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3590); 20.4 cm TL (female)
Found on continental slope and rise between temperatures of 12°C to 4°C (Ref. 3590). Usually solitary; probably forms occasional aggregates. Feeds on mysids and benthopelagic copepods. Synchronously hermaphroditic (Ref. 6688).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Merrett, N.R., 1990. Chlorophthalmidae. p. 351-360. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3590)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4 - 13.1, mean 13 (based on 23 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00197 - 0.01219), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (k=0.13-0.4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .