Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Ipnopidae
(Deep-sea tripod fishes)
Etymology: Bathypterois: Greek, bathys = deep + Greek, pterois = with wings (Ref. 45335). More on author: Vaillant.
Bathypterois mediterraneus (considered as a synonym) may be valid.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 260 - 2800 m (Ref. 3397), usually 2100 - 2300 m (Ref. 32939). Deep-water; - 6°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3590); 20.4 cm TL (female)
Eastern Atlantic: northeast Atlantic to off Sierra Leone; one record from the Mediterranean. One record from the northwest Atlantic.
Found on continental slope and rise between temperatures of 12°C to 4°C (Ref. 3590). Usually solitary; probably forms occasional aggregates. Feeds on mysids and benthopelagic copepods. Synchronously hermaphroditic (Ref. 6688).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Merrett, N.R., 1990. Chlorophthalmidae. p. 351-360. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3590)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00191 - 0.01202), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (k=0.13-0.4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .