Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Allothunnus: Greek, allos = other + Greek, thynnos = tunna (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 10°S - 50°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 168)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 105 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5313); common length : 86.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9684); max. published weight: 13.7 kg (Ref. 5313)
(total): 15 - 18;
soft rays: 13 - 14;
Vertebrae: 40. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body naked ventrally behind the long anterior corselet. Dorsal half of body to lateral line covered with scales. Swim bladder absent. The back is bluish, turning to deep purple or almost black on the head; the belly is white, without stripes or spots; the pectoral and pelvic fins purple, their inner sides black.
Southern Ocean: circumglobal. One individual taken in Los Angeles Harbor.
An occasionally schooling species which feeds mainly on krill (euphausiids), and also on squids and small fishes. Juveniles are found between 20 and 35°S at surface temperatures ranging from 19 to 24°C. Its flesh is paler than that of most true tunas and is very oily, but the cooked meat has fine eating qualities. Mainly marketed fresh.
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .