Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beryciformes
(Sawbellies) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 200 m (Ref. 2683). Subtropical; 42°N - 18°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6537); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Morocco and from Mauritania to Angola.
Occurs in reefs and rocky areas from the shoreline to 200 m depth (Ref. 2683). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27000. Nocturnal (Ref. 6537). Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 6746).
Ben-Tuvia, A., 1990. Holocentridae. p. 627-628. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01193 - 0.03338), b=3.00 (2.85 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .