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Polyacanthonotus africanus  (Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924)

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Polyacanthonotus africanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Polyacanthonotus africanus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Notacanthiformes (Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Notacanthidae (Deep-sea spiny eels)
Etymology: Polyacanthonotus: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek,noton = back (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 700 - 3000 m (Ref. 4449), usually 1500 - 2000 m (Ref. 4449).   Deep-water; 45°N - 35°S, 98°W - 20°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: off Morocco, the Azores and Canary Islands and South Africa. Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA to the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. The record from Davis Strait probably refers to Polyacanthonotus rissoanus.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4449)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 26 - 40; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0. Off white, tan or grey in color, lateral line darker; soft rayed portion of anal dark brown (Ref. 6594). Mouth bluish in front, black behind (Ref. 6594). Opercular flap and underside of head bluish (Ref. 6594). Broad separation of the anterior and posterior nostrils. First dorsal spine well posterior to the root of the pectoral fin. Large mouth, maxillary reaching the border of spectacle and much longer preoral snout (Ref. 37108).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found at bathyal and abyssal depths. Feeds on benthic polychaetes, cnidarians, amphipods (Ref. 4449).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sulak, K.J., 1990. Notacanthidae. p. 133-135. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4449)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.4 - 5.3, mean 4.1 (based on 297 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5630   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.48 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .