Pagellus erythrinus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common pandora
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Pagellus erythrinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pagellus erythrinus (Common pandora)
Pagellus erythrinus
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Pagellus: Diminutive of Latin, pager, derived from Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 300 m (Ref. 4781), usually 20 - 100 m (Ref. 4781).   Subtropical; 60°N - 10°N, 26°W - 36°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 14.7, range 13 - 16 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4781); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Body red without stripes or bars. Snout at least twice as long as the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway and the Mediterranean to Guinea-Bissau (Ref. 26999), including Cape Verde, Madeira and the Canary Islands. Rarely recorded in Scandinavia (Ref. 4781).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on inshore waters, on various bottom (rock, gravel, sand and mud) to 200 m (Mediterranean) or 300 m (Atlantic) and move to deeper waters during winter. Omnivorous, but feed mainly on benthic invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 3688). Protogynic hermaphrodites, females become males first in their third year with sizes of about 17 cm. Important food fish.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01550 (0.01388 - 0.01731), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.24; tm=1-2; tmax=13; Fec=31,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.