Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Spathodus: Greek, spathe = sword + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.2 - 8.5; dH range: 10 - 20; depth range ? - 1 m. Tropical; 25°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060); 3°S - 7°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5695)
Africa: Endemic to Lake Tanganyika except the southern end.
Mostly seen in less than a foot of water, this species is found at the very edge of the pebble or rubble shoreline. Feeds by picking microorganisms from the rock biocover (Ref. 6770).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female is mouthbrooder, but male takes care of the young as soon as they are released from the female's mouth.
Maréchal, C. and M. Poll, 1991. Spathodus. p. 458-459. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00508 - 0.03119), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .