Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Petrochromis: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; dH range: 10 - ?. Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 7°S - 9°S
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, restricted to the southwestern part of the lake (Ref. 46829, 52921).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5679)
Lives in the shallow, rocky habitat; extremely shy; usually found in groups; feeds on algae and has long digestive tract (Ref. 46829). Feeds by scraping rock biocover (Ref. 6770, 46829). Females brood their young in the mouth (Ref. 46829, 86760).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Larvae of up to 3.17 cm TL are mouthbrooded by female parent 14.3 cm SL long (Ref. 86760).
Konings, A. and H.W. Dieckhoff, 1992. Tanganyika secrets. Cichlid Press. 207 p. (Ref. 52921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00744 - 0.04060), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .