Pygocentrus cariba  (Humboldt, 1821)

Black spot piranha
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Pygocentrus cariba
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Serrasalmidae ()
Etymology: Pygocentrus: Greek, pyge = rump + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Issue
The genus allocation is uncertain, it could be in Serrasalmus Lacepède, 1803 according to Nico 2001. Please send references or more studies are needed.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39031); max. published weight: 560.00 g (Ref. 6870)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: widely distributed in the Orinoco River basin lowlands and tributaries.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Has powerful dentition that can inflict serious bites (Ref. 4537).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fink, W.L., 1993. Revision of the piranha genus Pygocentrus. Copeia 1993(3):665-687. (Ref. 27142)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.76 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.