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Pygocentrus piraya  (Cuvier, 1819)

San Francisco piranha
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Image of Pygocentrus piraya (San Francisco piranha)
Pygocentrus piraya
Picture by Magallanes, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Serrasalmidae ()
Etymology: Pygocentrus: Greek, pyge = rump + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39031); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Sao Francisco River basin in Brazil.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Dangerous, import prohibited in some countries. Largest of the piranhas.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fink, W.L., 1993. Revision of the piranha genus Pygocentrus. Copeia 1993(3):665-687. (Ref. 27142)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
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Eggs
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.