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Ventrifossa ctenomelas  (Gilbert & Cramer, 1897)

Hawaiian grenadier
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100 |
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Ventrifossa ctenomelas   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ventrifossa ctenomelas (Hawaiian grenadier)
Ventrifossa ctenomelas
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Ventrifossa: Latin, venter, ventris = belly + Latin, fosa = pit (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; non-migratory; depth range 411 - 673 m (Ref. 1371).   Deep-water; 28°N - 14°N, 165°W - 149°W (Ref. 1371)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Snout short, conical, with a black margin along its leading edge and supranarial ridges, but not a ling the median nasal ridge. Scales small, uniformly covered with small, fine conical spinules. First dorsal fin with a large black blotch on its distal portion.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: apparently confined to the Hawaiian Islands.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Not normally taken by commercial fishers because of the absence of a deep-water trawl fishery where it occurs (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Iwamoto, Tomio | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00295 (0.00127 - 0.00686), b=3.12 (2.92 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .