Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 11 - 25. One or two spines on supraorbital ridge of frontal in juveniles (up to 50 mm SL); transition from cycloid to ctenoid scales initiated at around 30 mm SL; all body scales, except on throat, ctenoid over 60 mm SL; scales absent on soft parts of dorsal and anal fins; lateral line scales covered with small, subsidiary scales; cephalic portion of swimbladder appendage terminating on caudal foramen of cranium (Ref 10086).
Western Central Pacific: southern Viet Nam to Java and western Borneo. Indian Ocean: India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar (Ref. 4833).
Inhabits shallow coastal waters and estuaries; young and juveniles occur in mangrove swamps (Ref. 9772). Also caught with bottom trawls, and handlines (Ref. 9772). Sold fresh and dried salted in markets.
Sasaki, K., 1995. A review of the Indo-West Pacific sciaenid genus Panna (Teleostei, Perciformes). Jap. J. Ichthyol. 42(1):27-37.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00824 (-0.15955 - 0.17603), b=3.10 (3.01 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .