Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Halaelurus: Greek, als = salt, charm, elegance + Greek, ailouros = cat (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 54 - 187 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 15°N - 8°N, 74°E - 76°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86593); 36.8 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A small shark with numerous (>20) vertical stripes on the body without dark spots, snout tip knoblike but not prominently upturned. Eyes in adults 12–13 times in distance from snout to first dorsal origin. Anterior nasal flaps sub triangular. Gills dorsolaterally placed and elevated above the mouth level. First dorsal-fin origin about opposite pelvic-fin insertion. Light brown above with pale ventral side, dark brown cross bands on the body (Ref. 86593).
Western Indian Ocean: Somalia (Indian Ocean coast) and India (Arabian Sea), offshore on continental slope (Ref. 86593).
Found on the continental shelves, (Ref. 244), on or near the bottom (Ref. 30573). Attains a maximum size of 37.0 cm TL; female of 36.8 cm TL was gravid and contained eight egg cases, four in each uterus (Ref. 86593). Feeds on shrimps. Collection by deep-sea shrimp trawlers may indicate that the species could have a wider depth distribution, possibly down to 280 m (Ref. 86593). Not utilized at present (Ref. 244).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Akhilesh, K.V., K K. Bineesh, C.P.R. Shanis, B.A. Human and U. Ganga, 2011. Rediscovery and description of the quagga shark, Halaelurus quagga (Alcock, 1899) (Chondrichthyes: Scyliorhinidae) from the southwest coast of India. Zootaxa 2781:40-48. (Ref. 86593)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00152 - 0.00657), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .