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Halaelurus quagga  (Alcock, 1899)

Quagga catshark
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Image of Halaelurus quagga (Quagga catshark)
Halaelurus quagga
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Halaelurus: Greek, als = salt, charm, elegance + Greek, ailouros = cat (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 54 - 187 m (Ref. 58018).   Deep-water; 15°N - 8°N, 74°E - 76°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86593); 36.8 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

A small shark with numerous (>20) vertical stripes on the body without dark spots, snout tip knoblike but not prominently upturned. Eyes in adults 12–13 times in distance from snout to first dorsal origin. Anterior nasal flaps sub triangular. Gills dorsolaterally placed and elevated above the mouth level. First dorsal-fin origin about opposite pelvic-fin insertion. Light brown above with pale ventral side, dark brown cross bands on the body (Ref. 86593).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Somalia (Indian Ocean coast) and India (Arabian Sea), offshore on continental slope (Ref. 86593).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelves, (Ref. 244), on or near the bottom (Ref. 30573). Attains a maximum size of 37.0 cm TL; female of 36.8 cm TL was gravid and contained eight egg cases, four in each uterus (Ref. 86593). Feeds on shrimps. Collection by deep-sea shrimp trawlers may indicate that the species could have a wider depth distribution, possibly down to 280 m (Ref. 86593). Not utilized at present (Ref. 244).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Akhilesh, K.V., K K. Bineesh, C.P.R. Shanis, B.A. Human and U. Ganga, 2011. Rediscovery and description of the quagga shark, Halaelurus quagga (Alcock, 1899) (Chondrichthyes: Scyliorhinidae) from the southwest coast of India. Zootaxa 2781:40-48. (Ref. 86593)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00152 - 0.00660), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .