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Acanthopagrus australis  (Günther, 1859)

Yellowfin bream
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Acanthopagrus australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthopagrus australis (Yellowfin bream)
Acanthopagrus australis
Picture by Banks, I.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Acanthopagrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, pagros, a kind of fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; oceanodromous.   Temperate; 19°S - 38°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: endemic to eastern Australia, from Townsville in Queensland to the Gippsland Lakes in Victoria (Ref. 75154). Occurrence in Japan and Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 559) and Taiwan (Ref. 5193) need verification.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 24 - ? cm
Max length : 66.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); max. published weight: 4.5 kg (Ref. 6390); max. reported age: 14 years (Ref. 56606)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabitant estuaries, coastal rivers, creeks, lakes and bays, usually in marine or brackish water, but in dry seasons they penetrate the lowermost reaches of fresh water (Ref. 44894). Common in coastal and estuarine rocky habitat. They enter rivers upstream to the limit of brackish waters. They migrate from their feeding to their spawning grounds; they spawn mainly during winter in the vicinity of river entrances; eggs are planktonic and hatch after 2.5 days. A portion of the population changes sex from male to female after spawning. They feed on mollusks, crustaceans, worms, fish and ascidians.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

A proportion of the population change sex from male to female after their first spawning season (Ref. 6390). Other fish remain functional males throughout their life and another small proportion develop directly into females at the age of 4 years (Ref. 27246, 28262). Also Ref. 28504. The eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 30572). After about four weeks the developed fry enter the estuary at night on the full moon and settle in estuarine littoral areas at about 1.4 cm in length (Ref. 30572). The fry rapidly develop into juveniles and grow to about 10 cm after one year (Ref. 30572).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p. (Ref. 6390)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Age/Size
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Length-length
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00617 - 0.02688), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=3-4; tmax=14; Fec=300,000).
Prior r = 0.46, 2 SD range = 0.31 - 0.69, log(r) = -0.78, SD log(r) = 0.2, Based on: 3 tgen, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.