Synodus jaculum  Russell & Cressey, 1979

Lighthouse lizardfish
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Synodus jaculum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Synodus jaculum
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  jaculum: jaculum (neuter noun in apposition) from the Latin word for javelin, in reference to the peculiar behavior of this species of launching itself off the bottom and swimming in midwater for prolonged periods.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 100 m (Ref. 11228).   Tropical; 33°N - 32°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3520)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8 - 10. Body brownish above, with dark brown saddle blotches; fins transparent, with faint brown spots on dorsal and caudal rays (Ref. 11228). Prominent black blotch on its caudal peduncle (Ref. 1602).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Line, Marquesan, and Society islands, north to the Izu Islands (Japan), south to New South Wales (Australia); Palau to Kosrae in Micronesia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral reefs. Commonly found on sand or rubble near coral heads. Frequently caught with S. variegatus and S. englemani, using artisanal gear and trawls. Sold fresh and dried salted in markets. Solitary,in pairs or in small groups (Ref 90102).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cressey, R.F. and R.S. Waples, 1984. Synodontidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3520)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00203 - 0.00745), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.