Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Polysteganus: Greek, polys = a lot of + Greek, stego, stege = covered (Ref. 45335). More on author: Klunzinger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 500 m (Ref. 100719). Tropical; 31°N - 28°S
Western Indian Ocean aand East Africa: including the Red Sea and probably Kenya.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: scale rows above lateral line 6½; scales rows between 5th dorsal-fin spine base and lateral-line scale 5½ or 6½; pored lateral-line scales 51 or 52; suborbital depth subequal to or greater than the orbit diameter; dorsal-fin rays are reddish pink as well as similar reddish pink on upper margin dorsal-fin ray (no clear yellow or faint yellowish); body with 7 or 8 faint irregular blue spotted lines, not visible from all angles; reddish membranes on caudal-fin lobes and caudal fin with clear white lowest margin of lower caudal fin lobe; without blue iridescence on each scale of dorsal and lateral sides of whitish pink body; canines are large, both upper and lower canines on both jaws usually visible even when mouth closed; body deep 44-46% (mean 44%) of SL; anal- and pelvic- fin rays are whitish or reddish hyaline; no yellow (white) rear margin of branchiostegal rays and membrane; weak bony bulge present before and above eye, forming a low median ridge in larger specimens of over 30 cm SL; caudal fin is moderately forked (Ref. 106993).
Occurs mainly in deep waters around reefs (Ref. 30573). Carnivorous predator (Ref. 30573). Sold fresh in markets.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bauchot, M.-L. and M.M. Smith, 1984. Sparidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3507)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.2 - 24.7, mean 20.5 (based on 105 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00632 - 0.02751), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .