Gomphosus caeruleus  Lacepède, 1801

Green birdmouth wrasse
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Gomphosus caeruleus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gomphosus caeruleus (Green birdmouth wrasse)
Gomphosus caeruleus
Picture by Kochzius, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Gomphosus: Greek, gomphos = nail; also molar tooth.   More on author: Lacepède.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 35 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. Readily identified by the long snout when adult and distinguished from sibling by color or geography (Ref. 48636).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: East Africa south to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4392) and east to the Andaman Sea.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A solitary species (Ref. 90102) that inhabits coral-rich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710, 48636). Also in rocky reefs (Ref. 30573). Feeds on small invertebrates (Ref. 5374).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., 1986. Labridae. p. 683-706. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.