Diaphus brachycephalus  Tåning, 1928

Short-headed lantern fish
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Diaphus brachycephalus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Diaphus brachycephalus (Short-headed lantern fish)
Diaphus brachycephalus
Picture by Dubosc, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes (Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae (Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 200 - 600 m (Ref. 58018).   Deep-water; 42°N - 33°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumglobal: In tropical to subtropical waters. Eastern Atlantic: Morocco to Angola. Western Atlantic: USA to Uruguay. Western Pacific: warmer waters and in Kuroshio (Japan Current). Indian Ocean: Mozambique Channel and Agulhas Current. Elsewhere, in the eastern Pacific. South China Sea (Ref.74511).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

High-oceanic (Ref. 4479). Mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Found between 175-550 m during the day and near the surface to about 225 m at night (Ref. 4066, 58302). Large males partially or non-migratory (Ref. 4066). Exhibits dwarfing in minimum region off Brazil with a maximum length of about 3.6 cm SL and sexual maturity from about 2.7 cm SL (Ref. 4479).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Paxton, John | Collaborators

Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00390 - 0.02130), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.