Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Synodontidae
(Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Schultz.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 90102), usually 1 - 10 m (Ref. 11228). Tropical; 26°N - 24°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11228); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3520)
soft rays: 8 - 10. Cheek behind mouth scaled; palatine teeth in a single band on each side (characteristic of the genus); membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and broad; dorsal tip of snout with a pair of small but prominent black spots (Ref. 2334).
Indo-Pacific: Gulf of Aden and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Gambier islands, north to the Ogasawara Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Occurs in coral reefs (Ref. 11228). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Generally solitary and typically rests on hard surfaces, occasionally with a head down position on a steep slope (Ref. 1602). Sold fresh in markets.
Cressey, R.F. and R.S. Waples, 1984. Synodontidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3520)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .