Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 30°N - 27°S, 31°E - 168°W
Indo-Pacific: Seychelles eastward through the Coral Triangle and Oceania to Tonga and Samoa. Reported from the Persian Gulf (Ref.80050) and Red Sea (Ref. 84159).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48637)
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: cephalic sensory-canal pore system without the NA, PITO & IT pores; dorsal/anal-fin formula 9/8; the fifth pelvic-fin ray 50-80% of the fourth ray; unbranched pectoral rays; caudal fin base with pale-edged black spot (Ref. 107299).
Often seen resting on live coral (Ref. 11441, 48637) of lagoon reefs at depths of 1 to over 6 m (Ref. 37816). Often in small groups (Ref 90102). Nektonic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.8 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2436 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00279 - 0.01364), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .