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Oxynotus centrina  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Angular roughshark
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Oxynotus centrina   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Oxynotus centrina (Angular roughshark)
Oxynotus centrina
Picture by Cruscanti, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Oxynotidae (Rough sharks)
Etymology: Oxynotus: Greek, oxys = sharp + Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 40 - 777 m (Ref. 56504).   Deep-water; 70°N - 37°S, 17°W - 34°E (Ref. 54693)

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 0. A small bizarre-looking shark with an unmistakable high body and bristly textured skin (Ref. 5578). Uniformly grey to grey-brown (Ref. 5578).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay and Mediterranean Sea to Senegal, north to Cornwall, England (apparently as a stray). Compagno et al. (Ref. 5578) reports this species as ranging south to Cape Point, South Africa but Springer 1990 (Ref. 10718) notes Bass et al. 1976 as considering specimens from Walvis Bay distinct from Oxynotus centrina calling attention to the considerably greater distance between dorsal fins in Mediterranean specimens than in specimens taken south of the equator.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the outer continental shelf and upper slope (Ref. 5578). Depth range from 60-660 m (Ref. 247) and from 549-777 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feeds on polychaetes (Ref. 247) and sipunculids (apparenly a suction feeder which mainly feeds on worm-like prey), which are rapidly digested, and the rapid gastric evacuation could partially explain the vacuity of several guts; teleosts, crustaceans and echinoderms are considered as accessory prey items, thus recorded predation on egg cases of the smallspotted catshark Scyliorhinus canicula remains an occasional phenomenon (Ref. 81816). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). Utilized for fishmeal, oil, and smoked and dried salted for human consumption (Ref. 247).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2bcd+4bd)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-2.41000 (nan - nan), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.