Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Macrourus: Greek, makroura = great tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 400 - 3185 m (Ref. 1371), usually 600 - 1500 m (Ref. 1371). Deep-water, preferred -1°C (Ref. 107945); 47°S - 79°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 1371)
Southern Ocean: Circumpolar (generally confined inside the Convergence except in the Falkland Islands area).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 110. Eyes relatively large. Snout short, moderately pointed, usually somewhat rounded with a high dorsal profile in adults, but often with prominent tubercles at its tip and lateral angles. Mouth large, lips thin. Underside of the head generally covered with small scales. Pyloric caeca 18 to 28. Overall color dark brown to swarthy in most individuals, but some are much paler; fins and lips blackish (Ref. 1371).
Remains of natant crustaceans (especially euphausiids), polychaetes, and fish (gonostomatids) have been found in the stomachs of three specimens examined.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00129 - 0.00705), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.49 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .