Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Lithoxus: Greek, lithos = stone + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335); jariensis: The specific name jariensis is used in reference to the type locality, the rio Jari, a large tributary of the rio Amazon basin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Jari basin in Amapá State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118148)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Lithoxus jariensis is distinguished from its congeners L. surinamensis and L. pallidimaculatus by having an adipose fin (vs. adipose fin absent); from L. bovallii by the lack of an irregular concentration of chromatophores around the anal-fin origin and adjacent region (vs. present), and by having three dark bands in the caudal fin (vs. five dark bands); from L. lithoides and L. jantjae by having five branched rays in the anal fin (vs. four); from L. pallidimaculatus and L. raso by the lack of light spots on the body (vs. light spots on the body present); from L. jantjae by having 14 branched rays in the caudal fin (vs. 12); and from L. stocki by having medial premaxillary teeth with an enlarged and widened cusp (vs. cusps of all premaxillary teeth similar in size, not enlarged), and 5-8 dentary teeth (vs. 10-12). In addition, Lithoxus jariensis can be diagnosed from L. boujardi by having a greater adipose-spine length, 6.2-10.1% SL (vs. 3.6-4.7% SL), and by having a greater dorsal adipose-caudal distance, 12.0-16.5% SL (vs. 10.3-11.7% SL); from L. planquettei by smaller caudal peduncle depth, 7.6-8.7% SL (vs. 9.7-10.5% SL), and by having a straight adipose-fin spine (vs. a curved adipose-fin spine); and from L. stocki by having a shorter cleithral width, 27.8-31.2% SL (vs. 32.6-34.2% SL), and a greater dorsal-anal distance, 10.4-13.7% SL (vs. 8.8-10.4% SL) (Ref. 118148).
Inhabits the bottom of fast-flowing clear-water rivers of medium to large size. The bottom of the rivers consists of small to large rocks, loose stones, and sand (Ref. 118148).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silva, G.S.C., R. Covain, C. Oliveira and F.F. Roxo, 2017. Description of two new species of Lithoxus (Hypostominae: Loricariidae) from rio Jari and rio Amapá basins, Brazillian Guiana shield. Zootaxa 4347(1):151-168. (Ref. 118148)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00369 - 0.01635), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .